Up to a certain age, it is natural for children to not have full control over their bladder. However, it can be challenging when a child should be able to control their physiological functions but is unable to do so.
Children may be reluctant to speak up about their problem because of shame or embarrassment.
Bladder control and the development of all the associated bodily functions and mechanisms are not instinctual. They have to be learned. Developing these skills happens gradually as a child grows and is typically complete by the age of 3-5.
The normal progression of toilet training is for a child to first learn to control their physiological functions during the day and later gradually learn how to hold urine overnight.
The most common reasons for urine loss problems in children:
Involuntary bedwetting at night is the most common. Learn more about this problem here.